22. February 2017

Certificates for China

CCC or CQC approval for power supplies?

What are the statutory requirements?

In China, there are two certification systems for product quality standardization. Certain product groups are subject to authorization, most of them can be approved voluntarily. The certification is carried out by an approval agency. A self-declaration of conformity with Chinese standards for products is not possible. Products which are not subject to certification are not required to be tested by an approval agency. Distribution and import to China, however, are simplified for an approved product.

What does CCC stand for?

CCC stands for China Compulsory Certificate. This certificate, introduced in 2002, confirms the compliance with Chinese standards for product groups requiring approvals. Other product groups can not be CCC marked or can only be CCC marked indirectly.
The compliance with CCC regulations is checked by the Chinese authorities. Products without, with defective or non-valid CCC marking can be confiscated by customs on import to China. Violations of the CCC provisions result in heavy fines and intensive lawsuits.
The Chinese authorities CNCA (Certification and Accreditation Administration) supervise the CCC system. The CQC (China Quality Certification Center) or the CCAP (China Certification Center for Automotive Products) certify the products and identify the product groups, which require an approval.

Which product groups are subject to approval?

Some products of the following product groups require approvals:
•    Electrical wires and cables
•    Low-voltage Electrical Apparatus
•    Low power motors
•    Electric tools
•    Welding machines
•    Household and similar electrical appliances
•    Audio and video apparatus (not including the audio apparatus for broadcasting service and automobiles)
•    Information technology equipments
•    Lighting apparatus (not including the lighting apparatus with the voltage lower than 36V)
•    Telecommunication Terminal equipment
•    Motor vehicles
•    Motor vehicle Tires
•    Safety Glasses
•    Agricultural Machinery
•    Latex Products
•    Medical Devices
•    Fire Fighting Equipment
•    Safety Protection Products
•    Home Decor and Remodeling Products
•    Safety Parts and Accessories of Vehicles and Motorcycles
•    Toy Products
•    IT Products

Are power supplies subject to approval?

Power supplies and chargers are not necessarily subject to approval.
Power supplies for audio/video equipment, chargers and power supplies for computers and IT products require the CCC approvals.
There are no direct requirements for power supplies and chargers for medical products, telecommunication, household appliances or tools. The entire product or system, however, may require a certificate.
This applies to the following medical products:
•    Medical X-Ray Diagnostic Equipments
•    Haemodialysis Equipments
•    Hollow Fiber Dialysers
•    Blood Circuit Pipings in Vitro for Blood Purification Equipments
•    Electrocardiographs
•    Implantable Cardiac Pacemakers
•    Artificial Heart-Lung Machines

The CCC marking of a power supply which does not require an approval, is actually not possible. Nevertheless, it is often possible to declare it as "IT product" in addition to its intended use, to apply for a CCC approval.

How does CCC certification work?

The certification consists of several steps:
•    Submission of application, all documents must be filed with the approval authority in full and translated if necessary
•    Product design inspection, the devices are examined and tested in a Chinese laboratory
•    Production audit, the production sites are audited and approved by the certification authorities
•    Follow up service, i.e. annual inspections of the products in a laboratory and of the production sites
After successful certification, the manufacturer is entitled to mark the product with CCC.
A certificate is issued for 5 years but its validity is subject to regular review by the certification authorities.
The costs for the single certification are comparable to other approvals, but the effort of regular reviews and audits is significantly.

What does CQC stand for?

For products which do not require CCC approvals, a voluntary CQC certification may be obtained. After successful certification, the products can be marked with CQC. The certification is done by the China Quality Certification Center (CQC), which is also in charge of most CCC approvals.
The voluntary CQC mark is comparable to a German GS, a VDE or SIQ mark. It confirms that the device meets the Chinese standards and regulations. This often facilitates exports to China. A CQC marked product can get a CCC mark more quickly with an extension of the CCC product catalog. The costs of voluntary CQC certification are considerably high.

FRIWO and Chinese certifications

For many years FRIWO Gerätebau GmbH has been manufacturing power supplies for different scopes. We regularly conduct CCC or CQC certifications, our production sites as well as several products are CCC approved. We would be pleased to advise you on the selection of power supplies, and you will find us as a qualified partner for all issues regarding the certification of your power supply.
Please contact us, we will be pleased to help: Tel. +49 (0)2532 / 810 – sales@friwo.com
FRIWO Gerätebau GmbH – Von-Liebig-Str. 11 - 49346 Ostbevern – www.friwo.com

Status: 11/2016
1.    http://www.ccc-certificate.org
2.    http://www.cqc.com.cn/www/english/
3.    MPR China Certification GmbH http://www.china-certification.com

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